New Telegraph

UK Debt Interest Bill Soars To £500bn

The scale of the debt burden on the United Kingdom (UK) is taking its toll on taxpayers and it’s as a result of a decades-long borrowing spare.

The interest payments are a proportion of economic activity which is at its peak since the late 1940s when the country had to shoulder the crippling cost of fighting the Second World War.

Following the development, the interest bill accrued this year alone is equivalent to more than £4,000 per household.

This has, however, raised concerns as the public spending on schools, and health sectors amongst others may have to be squeezed to balance the books.

The debt interest has to be paid to British and overseas investors who have lent money to the UK Government.

But it represents billions of pounds that could be put to more productive use, funding tax cuts or improving public services. The annual interest payment is already on par with combined spending on education and defence.

Economic experts have also said that this huge debt burden will be bigger than that of Italy one of Europe’s most indebted nations and far higher pro rata than that of the US or Japan, based on recent European Commission data.

“It is an astonishingly high number,” said Stefan Koopman, senior macro strategist at investment bank Rabobank.

“Having to pony up that much to service the costs of existing debt is going to crowd out a lot of spending on public services and investment,” he added.


In its March forecast, the Office for Budget Responsibility estimated interest payments on Government debt would peak this year at £115 billion.

At that stage, the watchdog forecast £434 billion in interest charges over the next five years. But the debt burden the cost of paying for the nation’s £2.6 trillion of borrowing is now set to be far higher.

This is because a large chunk of it is linked to inflation. Interest rates have also soared, further pushing up the cost of servicing the Government’s growing debt pile.

The Bank of England last week raised the base rate by half a percentage point to 5 per cent. Traders are betting it could go as high as 6.25 per cent by early next year.

“Higher interest costs and inflation will add around £20 billion a year to the Chancellor’s annual debt interest bill,” said Sanjay Raja, UK economist at investment bank Deutsche.

That would take this year’s bill to £114 billion.

“This will push central Government debt interest costs to well over £100 billion a year all the way through the next five years,” he added.

He also warned that Chancellor Jeremy Hunt would “have very little breathing room to increase spending”.

In his Spring Budget Hunt vowed to meet the “fiscal rule” he set himself – of debt falling as a proportion of the size of the economy in five years’ time.

He had hoped to hit his target with £6.5 billion to spare while delaying public spending cuts until after the next election, due within 18 months.

But Government borrowing is now higher than the country’s entire annual economic output, partly due to the higher interest costs.

This is the first time that debt has exceeded gross domestic product since 1961 and it leaves Hunt with little room for manoeuvre.

“With less than a year and a half to go until the next General Election, calls for the Chancellor to cut a range of taxes have been growing,” said Ruth Gregory of the Capital Economics consultancy.

But she said recent developments meant he was unlikely to have much scope for giveaways without endangering his fiscal rule.

Debt interest payments would now rise by a ‘huge’ £23 billion this year alone, she estimated, taking the total to £117 billion higher even than Deutsche’s forecast or more than £4,100 per household.

The interest bill will be just as big in 2024-25, according to Samuel Tombs of Pantheon Macroeconomics.

More than a fifth of Government borrowing is linked to the historic Retail Prices Index (RPI) measure of inflation.

It currently stands at 11.3 per cent, even higher than the headline Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation figure of 8.7 per cent.

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